22 Kashmiris achieved martyrdom complete Azaan video
Martyrs’ Day is observed by nations to the martyrdom of those who sacrificed their lives defending the sovereignty of their country to salute from foreign domination annual day. Martyrs Day is the historic day that the sacrifice of the martyrs crowns. 1931 Martyrs’ Day is not only a promising mark in our history, but also an important event in the world history of the struggles of people. Many historians believe that Kashmir freedom struggle has its roots in the partition of British India. Have you forgotten that our freedom struggle is 82 years old. You have the story distorted by suppressing the facts and events of history. However, the issue of Kashmir between India and Pakistan was born with the independence of the United British India on 14/15 August 1947.
The history of Dogra rule (1846-1947) in Kashmir is replete with brutal treatment, the Muslims in Kashmir perpetrated by Dogra forces. Under their rule the life was so horrible and miserable for Muslims that it is difficult, it has to be distinguished from the animals. Slave labor, high taxes, slay the death penalty for the cow, and live under constant terror was on the agenda. Maharaja Hari Singh army “instead of donkeys and horses, using Kashmiri Muslims were for the transport of goods across the far-flung areas.” Sir Walter Lawrence in his famous book “The India we served,” wrote: “Army forces to plow the villagers and to sow used and what is worse … the soldiers came at harvest time, and if the proportion of the state confiscated been “and” there was very little grain tide the unfortunate peasants over the cruel winter “However, under the tyrannical regime, political rights had no place. even the religious rights had refused the Muslims of the state.
It was in 1926 when Kashmiri Pandits started all Kashmiri Pandit Association for safe guarding their rights. Meanwhile, the Muslim community of Molvi Mohammad Abdullah led, Khawaja Ghulam Nabi Gilkar has also requested the registration of all Kashmiri Muslim Uplift Association, which was granted by Dogra administration reluctantly. The main objective of the association was looking for educational institutions and government jobs to Muslim community. For his mission, Gilkar Sahab received the support of Khwaja Abdul Ghani and Khwaja Ghulam Hasan Saboon Nengro and a few other educated young men. The association received the patronage of Maulana Ahmad Ullah Hamadani and opened over several evening schools for Muslim upbringing. The Maharaja had the Region Title Act 1927 enacted in addition prohibits the sale, purchase or ownership of land by non-state subjects of reservation all state government jobs for the original inhabitants of the land.
Reading Room Party:
Maharaja Hari Singh occupied the throne of Jammu and Kashmir in 1925. He was an absolute autocratic ruler and no fundamental political rights, to grant his subjects. It was his deliberate policy, the Muslim community, which constitutes 85% of Jammu and Kashmir, in a state of total illiteracy, so that they would not ask, conscious of their civil, political and fundamental human rights. However, some Muslim families were lucky enough education for their sons, the announcement of injustice and discrimination, to take accorded to the majority Muslim community began to lend. Consequently, a group formed by people conscious Muslim families belong, made a presentation to the civil, educational and political rights to the Muslim community grant him and liberate them from injustice and discriminatory treatment in Government Services and other public welfare programs. At the same time, a group of energetic and educated young men was a reading room club which assumed the form of a political party and came to the Reading Room Party (RRP) in Feteh Kadal to wake Srinagar with Sheikh Abdullah their leader known to be the young about their fundamental human rights. The reading room movement in the cause of educational and economically backward Muslim community. The Reading Room Party served the purpose of the ground for a political campaign against the injustice and oppressive policy of Maharaja Hari Singh.
The feelings of the ordinary people of Kashmir, Maharaja Hari Singh against received encouragement from the public statement by one of his ministers, Sir Albion Benerji, a Bengali Christian, is exposed to sectarian and despotic character of the Dogra ruler, made the time. He explained that large Muslim population were as dumb cattle regulated driven, the press was non-existent and economic conditions were appalling. Together with this statement, his resignation from the Cabinet of Maharaja, he proclaimed on the basis of the dictates of his conscience. The Reading Room Party was joined by the Punjabi Muslim intellectuals of the Jammu region. The Reading Room Party became the basis of the Kashmir freedom struggle.
Abdul Qadeer Khan, hero of 1931 mass uprising.
Consequently, a large gathering of EIA was organized on 21 June 1931, called in Khanqah-e-Moula, which is highly respected shrine of the supreme patron of the Muslim world popularly called Hazrat Shah-e-Hamdan. The aforementioned meeting was the formal inauguration of the freedom movement in Kashmir. The main purpose of this meeting was to elect a representative of the Muslims in Kashmir, submit an Intent their grievances and demands to Maharaja Hari Singh. This was stated by Minister of Political maharajas, Mr. GCE recommended Wakefield. Were eleven representatives nominated seven of the valley and four of Jammu. The prominent and influential personalities have been chosen, Sheikh Mohammad Abdullah, Khawaja Saad-ud-Din Shawl, Mirwaiz Mohammad Yousuf Shah, Chaudhary Ghulam Abbas (Jammu), Mirwaiz Atiq Ullah-Hamadani and Aga Syed Hussain Shah Jalali. In this historic gathering a Pathan from West Frontier Province of British India, Abdul Qadeer (Koch), spoke out against Maharaja to ask people for their fundamental rights to fight and pointing his finger at the Maharaja Palace, raised destroy slogans ” its every brick “. The result was that he was arrested on June 25, 1931 on charges of sedition and criminal law, in the court of the Sessions Judge. With the accusation of sedition, he was arrested. Abdul Qadir was to be tried in the court, but due to the large public displeasure, the Court Central Jail, Srinagar was postponed. MJ Akbar hails Qadeer oratory as “spicier than its cuisine”?
Event July 13, 1931- mass uprising in Kashmir
The event on 13 July 1931, the beginning of an organized and mass rebellion against the despotic and foreign ruler of J & K State, Maharaja Hari Singh. This day has its own significance in the annals of history of Kashmir. On this historic day, to hear in the course of the assembled central prison in the Sessions Court, against Abdul Qadeer Khan, a crowd of thousands outside the main gate of Srinagar. The crowd beside discerning guest method shouted slogan to see the autocratic Dogra rule at the end and demanded withdrawal of sedition case against Abdul Qadeer Khan and other defendants and their immediate release, along with other demonstrators, who were arrested by the Royal, Dogra soldiers. This led to battle between humans and armed Royal Dogra soldiers. The upset and angry crowd resorted to throwing stones at the soldiers, the Dogra tube loading were the mob. When the news of this battle to reach the prisoners, they were excited, shouting slogans in prison. When the time for obligatory prayer of Zuhr (afternoon prayers) neared, a brave young man stood for Azaan (call to prayer). On the instructions of the Maharaja, the governor, appointed Ray Zada Tartilok Chand Dogra royal army to open fire on him. When he was martyred, another young man his place and began Azaan. He was also shot. In this way, 22 Kashmiris achieved martyrdom in their efforts to complete the Azaan. In this way, 22 Kashmiris are in their efforts to complete martyrdom around the Azaan. This cold-blooded massacre of 22 Muslim protesters marked the birth of a new revolution.
The news of indiscriminate firing and brutal murder, distributed in every corner of the capital Srinagar. A flood of angry people marched on the streets, raising slogans against despotic rule of Maharaja (ruler despotic) and his oppressive and repressive policies. They carried the bodies of the martyrs, in processions and finally buried in a cemetery on the grounds of the great and revered shrine of Muslim saint Khawaja Bahaw-ud-Din Naqshbandi, in Srinagar City. This tomb, called the 21 martyrs, Mazar-e-Shuhda (the martyrs cemetery). Ever since this historic day, July 13 has, as “Martyrs Day ‘observed yearly by the people on both sides of the control line and other parts of the world by Kashmiri Diaspora. The tragic day is the milestone in the history of the Kashmiri struggle against foreign occupation. not to stop the atrocities against Muslims in Kashmir after the partition of India. The human rights record of the Indian government in Kashmir was terrible and is characterized by arbitrary arrests, torture, rape and extrajudicial killings. The day is also a message for Indian rulers that when the people of Kashmir do not bow their heads before the tyranny of Dogra rule, as they succumb to the despotic Indian rule. July 13, 1931 is not just a day of remembrance, but a day of ideas for people of Kashmir, an idea the freedom from oppression, enslavement and tyranny.
Aftermath July 13, 1931
The event of July 13, 1931 sent waves of revolt in all parts of Jammu and Kashmir. The whole valley observed shutdown on the call given Reading Room Party, and a mass meeting was called at the Martyrs Cemetery, Srinagar RRP leader, Sheikh Mohammad Abdullah. We inherit the heritage of shutdown calls from Sheikh Mohammad Abdullah; He is the pioneer of strike calls against oppressors. Sheikh Abdullah urged the audience to the yoke of slavery and despotism, and sacrifice. He asked the people to free themselves from the shackles of injustice, discrimination and abject slavery and thus Jammu and Kashmir a democratic area. This event made Sheikh Abdullah pioneered the struggle against autocracy Dogra in Kashmir. So is the freedom of movement of the people of Jammu and Kashmir, begun strength and dynamism to win every day. Suppose that the form of civil disobedience movement. If the government could not control the law and order situation, ordered the Dogra rulers the arrest of Sheikh Mohammad Abdullah and his staff. Therefore, Sheikh Abdullah, GN Gilkar, Chaudhary Abbas, Mistri Yaqoub and Gowher Rehman were arrested and at the Koh-e-Maran (Hariparbat) detained Fort. The Maharaja had to move as a lukewarm appeasement, appointed a commission on November 12, 1931, consisting of four non-official members, led by a European officer BJ Glancy, foreign and political department of the British government of India. The four members were Ghulam Ahmad Ashai – to represent Muslims of Kashmir Valley, Chaudhary Ghulam Abbas- to represent Muslims of Jammu region, Prem Nath Bazaz – to represent Pandits of the Kashmir valley, and Lok Nath Sharma – to represent Hindu community of Jammu region. The function of Glancy Commission was to inquire into the various complaints and to investigate the complaints of local and general nature that had caused the disturbance. The Glancy Commission was published in April, 1932. It is a document of great historical importance. The message of July 13, 1931 “the struggle for human rights law and justice”.